Many UPSC aspirants are eager to become IAS officers, but only a few students know the vast number of services available under Indian civil services.
In this article, sir Sumanth Mukanth talks about the different types of civil services.
Sumanth Mukanth is one of the top UPSC teachers at the national academy of IAS, one of the best IAS coaching centers in Bangalore.
He has trained students for over 20 years and has made all of them capable, independent, and strong IAS candidates.
Below we shall see the various kinds of services(works) under Indian Civil services.
Types of Civil Services
There are three broad services; under these, there are different kinds of services.
- Indian civil service
- Category A services
- Category B services
1. Indian Civil Service
The different kinds of services under the Indian civil services exam are:
- Indian administrative service (IAS)
- Indian police service (IPS)
- Indian Forest Service (IFos)
It is important to note that a lot of people get confused between the Indian foreign service and the Indian forest service.
The acronym(short form) used for Indian forest service is IFoS and for Indian foreign service is IFS. Indian forest service(IFoS) comes under the category of Indian civil service, while Indian foreign service(IFS) comes under the category ‘A,’ Says Sumanth Mukam, one of the top Teachers at the best IAS coaching centre in Bangalore.
2. Category A services
The services under category A are
- Indian Audit and Accounts Service: The Indian Audit and accounts service (IAAS) is a central government service that falls under the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. The two main objectives of this Group ‘A’ Civil Service cadre are accounting and auditing of Central Governments, State Governments, and Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs). This service has offices in London, Washington, and Kuala Lumpur.
- Indian Civil Accounts Service: ICAS) is a member of the Civil Services Group ‘A’ that reports to the Union Ministry of Finance’s Department of Expenditure. It operates through the Indian Civil Accounts Organization and plays a critical role in the delivery of financial management solutions to the Government of India. It also conducts internal audits in the Union Government’s civil ministries.
- Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS): The execution of the Companies Act, 1956, Companies Act, 2013, and The Limited Liability Partnership (LLP Act), 2008 is the primary responsibility of the Indian Corporate Law Service(ICLS)
- Indian Communication Finance Services (ICFS): This service provides accounting and financial services to the Indian posts and telecommunications departments. Mr. Sumanth Mukanth, upsc coach at the best Upsc coaching centre in Bangalore says that ICFS is one of the most sought out job posts by many of the upsc aspirants.
- Indian Defense Accounts Service: Indian Defense Accounts Service is responsible for the accounting functions of the defence department.The Army, Air Force, Navy, Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Ordnance Factories, Canteen Stores Department, Border Road Organization, and other related organizations rely upon IDAS for financial advice, and payment, internal auditing, and accounting.
- Indian Defense Estates Service: Some of the functions under IDES:
- Taking care of the defence grounds.
- Cantonment development and health care for all citizens, high-quality schools for all children, and a social care system for the aged, differently-abled, and underprivileged.
- Performing a routine survey of defence lands.
- Immovable properties are acquired, hired, and requisitioned for defence purposes.
- Auditing defence land on a regular basis.
- Keeping accurate and digitised land records up to date.
- Encroachments and unlawful structures on defence land are being prevented and removed.
- Getting rid of defence land.
- Managing a legal battle over who owns the defence land.
- Providing advice to the defence Ministry on Cantonment and Defense Land issues.
- Indian Foreign Service(IFS): All topics relating to India’s external relations are under the purview of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA). There are two groups. One of them is the Territorial Division, which deals with the concerned countries’ economic, political, and bilateral issues. Mr. Sumath Mukanth, upsc coach at the best upsc coaching centre in bangalore says Indian Foreign Service is very popular among IAS and upsc aspirants and students. The functional division, on the other hand, deals with a variety of subjects such as multilateral organizations, disarmament, various regional groupings, legal, press, publicity, policy matters, and a variety of other topics.
- Indian Information Service (IIS): The Indian Information Service serves as a link between the Indian government and the general public. Some functions include
- Managing and organizing the Press Information Bureau’s activities (PIB).
- Managing the government’s public relations efforts.
- Organizing press advertising as well as visual PR campaigns to inform the public about the government’s varied policies and actions through various media.
- Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS): They are in charge of the Indian Ordnance Factories, which offer India’s defence manufacturing capabilities. In addition, they are involved in the manufacture, testing, logistics, research, development, and marketing of a wide range of products in the areas of land, sea, and air systems. Under the authority of its corporate headquarters at Ordnance Factory Board, the Indian Ordnance Factories is the oldest and largest industrial setup of a family of 41 Ordnance Factories (Kolkata). The organization has a unique characteristic in that it has over 200 years of experience in defence production while working under the Department of Defense Production ( Ministry of Defence).
- Indian Postal Service (IPoS): The Indian Postal Service (IPoS) is in charge of running ‘India Post,’ the world’s largest postal network, which offers everything from standard postal services to e-commerce and banking.
- Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS): The Indian Railway Traffic Service is in charge of the Indian railways’ transportation department. The traffic service has two major wings: operations and commercial. The operations wing ensures that freight and passengers are transported smoothly and quickly. While in the commercial wing, an officer is responsible for passenger and freight sales, pricing, service, and marketing.
- Indian Revenue Service (IRS): The Indian Revenue Service is a vital service that is closely tied to the government of India’s revenue department. IRS has two branches that are IRS (Income Tax) and IRS (Customs and Border Protection) (Customs and Central Excise). Through the Income Tax Department, the IRS plays a critical role in the execution of direct tax laws.
- Indian Trade Service (ITS): The major goal or task of the Indian Trade Service is to look after India’s foreign commercial activity. The Directorate General of Foreign Trade of the Ministry of Commerce has complete jurisdiction over this sector.
3. Category ‘B’ Services
Mr. Sumanth Mukanth, top upsc coach at the best upsc coaching centre in Bangalore will explain the services under category ‘B’.
- Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service: The armed force’s headquarters civil service falls under the category ‘B’ and is responsible for staff, secretarial, clerical, and support services to the headquarters of Indian Armed Forces and Inter-Services Organizations
- DANICA: Danica is an abbreviation for Delhi, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra Nagar Haveli, and Daman Diu Administrative Service, and the officers working under this are responsible for Delhi, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu Administrative Service.
- DANIPS: DANIPS is an abbreviation for “Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu Police Service, and the officers working under are responsible for for the law & order and policing functions of the National Capital, Delhi, and the Union Territories.
- Pondicherry Civil Service: Selected officers are appointed to the Pondicherry Civil Services.