The potential benefits for persons with diabetes or practically every other illness, for that matter, cannot be overemphasized. Exercise can always assist you in losing weight, keep your blood pressure level controlled, reduce bad LDL cholesterol and also triglycerides, boost good HDL cholesterol, reduce anxiety, strengthen your bones and muscles, as well as improve overall health.
Exercising everyday offers numerous benefits for diabetics: it lowers blood sugar levels, prevents insulin resistance as well as increases insulin sensitivity. You can get the following benefits from exercise:
- Improve your levels of blood sugar
- Increase your overall fitness
- Reduce your stroke and heart disease risks
- Manage your weight.
- Improve your well-being
- Lower rates for life insurance with diabetes
Several studies have highlighted all these benefits of exercise. Vin Agarawal with Diabetes 365, an online resource to the Diabetes community shares the following highlights of all those results:
- Exercise reduces HbA1c levels by approximately 0.7% point in patients with diabetes from various ethnic groups who were eating an array of diets and also on different kinds of medications, and this reduction occurred despite the fact that they did not lose weight.
- All types of exercise e.g. aerobic, resistance, or a combination of both are equally effective in decreasing HbA1c levels in diabetics.
- In previously inactive older people with abdominal obesity who were having diabetes risks, both strength training, and also aerobic exercise helped to reduce insulin resistance. It was shown that combining the 2 types of exercise was more helpful than practicing either one separately.
- Patients with diabetes who exercised at least 2 hours a week had a lower chance of dying from heart disease as compared to those who did not, and those who had exercised 3 to 4 hours a week had an even lower risk.
- Women having diabetes who exercised for at least 4 hours a week had a 40 percent lower chance of getting heart disease than others who did not. Even after researchers took into account confounding factors like BMI, smoking, and any other cardiovascular risk factors, the advantages remained.
The following are some general blood sugar parameters for pre-exercise. Milligrams per deciliter or millimoles per litre are the units of measurement.
- 5.6 mmol/L (less than 100 mg/dL). It is possible that your blood sugar is too low for exercise safely. Before you begin your activity, have a modest snack containing like fruit, fruit juice, crackers, or also glucose tablets.
- The concentration ranges from 100 – 250 mg/dL. You are all set to go. This will be a safer range of pre-exercise blood sugar for most people.
- A blood sugar level of 250 mg/dL or above is required. This is a warning zone; your blood sugar perhaps is quite high to comfortably exercise. Perform your urine test for ketones, which are compounds produced when your body will break down all fat for energy.
If you walk when your ketones are high, you risk developing ketoacidosis, a serious diabetes complication that requires quick care. Instead of exercising right away, you need to take necessary steps to first lower the blood glucose level and wait until your ketones test shows that you have no ketones present in your urine.