Types of Blood Diseases- Must-Knows

Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, plasma, salt, and water are the different components of blood. Each of these elements is necessary for your body to function properly. Blood diseases refer to the malfunctioning of blood cells due to a variety of causes. There are numerous blood diseases that affect the functions of blood cells by interfering with the number of proteins, nutrients, and platelets.

A complete blood count or CBC test can be used to determine blood disease. Depending on the type of blood disease, the doctor will prescribe treatment. Continue reading to learn more about the signs and symptoms of various blood diseases.

Types of Blood Diseases

Red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), and platelets are the three primary elements of blood. Here is the common blood disorders list;

  • Red blood cells:

Red blood cells have the form of a small disc. Their main job is to move carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs and oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. Haemoglobin, which makes up around 280 million molecules per RBC and is important for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide to keep the body’s pH balanced, is present in every RBC.

Red blood cell disorders:

  • Anemia
  • Aplastic Anemia
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Alpha thalassemia
  • Beta thalassemia

White Blood Cells:

There are five different types of white blood cells: lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes, basophils, and eosinophils. They are a component of the body’s immune system that aids in the battle against infection and other disorders.

White blood cell disorders;

  • Lymphoma
  • Leukemia
  • Myelodysplasia
  • Myeloma
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Neutropenia
  • Platelet

To form a blood clot, the blood flows through many pathways with the help of clotting factors. Blood clotting mechanisms depend on platelets, also known as thrombocytes.

Platelet Disorders;

  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)
  • Essential Thrombocytosis
  • Clotting Disorders
  • Hemophilia
  • Von Willebrand Disease
  • Hypercoagulable states
  • Hemochromatosis

Symptoms of Blood Disorders

Many blood disorders are caused by an increase or reduction in a specific blood factor or component, such as an enzyme necessary for regular blood clotting. Symptoms differ depending on whether the condition increases or decreases the component. Some illnesses result in immediate or severe symptoms, some of them are;

  • Symptoms of White Blood Cell Disorders

Fatigue, a sudden loss of weight, irritability, and infections.

  • Red blood cell disorders’ symptoms

Tiredness, Loss of breath, Weak concentration, Weakness of muscles, Rapid heartbeat, and Uneasiness.

  • Platelet disorders’ symptoms

Slow healing of cuts and wounds, Bleeding from gums, Bleeding from nose, Brittle skin that bruises easily, Slow or no blood clotting after an injury.

Rare blood diseases

Certain cell types can be created in excessively high quantities or in abnormal forms when the usual process of blood cell growth and development fails. This results in the development of blood cancers or other blood diseases.

Leukemias, lymphomas, and multiple myeloma are the three types of blood cancers that are most prevalent. . And there are less common blood disorders too, which include histiocytosis, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, and the Non-cancerous blood disorders known as myeloproliferative neoplasms.


The most crucial element for performing vital bodily activities is blood. The type of blood disease determines how severe the blood abnormality is. To avoid long-term health issues, early detection and treatment from the best hematology hospital may be helpful.

However, any problem with your blood can have an impact on your overall health and every other tissue in your body. Your cells rely on blood to give oxygen and remove waste, so when the blood fails to function properly, complications arise.

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