The androgen receptor (AR) belongs to the superfamily of steroids hormone nuclear receptors. The binding present in its endogenous ligands modulates its function as a transcription factor. The interaction between AR and androgen is complex and depends on different factors such as age, sex, tissue type, and hormonal status. AR is mainly known for its role in the development and maintenance of the male sex.
There are many applications of testosterone and synthetic steroid hormones in the clinical setting. Its effect can be classified as anabolic (increased bone density, and muscle mass) or androgen (impaired fertility, virilization, and acne). Even if there are various points where supplementation of steroid hormones is effective, their therapeutic is often ignored because of its side effects. Erythrocytosis, prostate hypertrophy, hepatotoxicity, aromatization to estrogen, and testicular atrophy are a few of its side effects.
Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators (SARMs) are small molecule drugs. It can apply varying degrees of both agonist and antagonist effects on AR in different tissues. These actions can be understood by classifying SARMs that proceed with them. The SARMs that are used to treat breast cancer known as tamoxifen, act as an antagonist in the breast, an agonist in the bone, and as a partial agonist in the uterus. The most attractive thing about them is that they can be tailored to address specific medical conditions while minimizing off-target effects.
Mechanism of Selective Androgen Receptors Modulators.
SARMs are the supplements that target only a signal androgen in our body i.e. skeleton muscle. Androgen present in the liver, the muscle tissue, the prostate gland, and the bones are capable of selectively connecting and linking receptors. These drugs connect with our bone cells and muscle tissue but you do not have to worry about the fallout of other organs. There is no risk of excessive tissue growth, which is a positive aspect of SARMs.
SARMs mimic the task of testosterone in our body and it is done without harming your health. After linking themselves to our androgen receptors, they boost protein synthesis to strengthen our body.
Types of Selective Androgen Receptors Modulators.
It is also known by the name of MK-2866, one of the safest and mildest SARMs. According to studies, it has a lot of benefits including, the treatment of wasting muscle. It can help you achieve the desired bodybuilding results by cutting weight and adding bone mass.
- LGD 4033.
Its function is the same as that of Ostarine, but it’s 12 times stronger. Its main function is to develop the immune and reproductive systems of our body. It is also an effective bulking agent, highly recommended by bodybuilders and enthusiasts.
- MK677 Nutrobal.
It is a SARMs known as growth hormone secretogogue i.e. it can foster the secretion of growth hormone in our body. Its benefits are that it boosts appetite and enhances the quality of sleep. After taking MK677 Nutrobal can help you lose body fat, recover faster and add lean muscle mass to your body.
This is a kind of SARMs that is mainly known for reducing body fat and enhancing endurance. It is also safe as it’s not hormonal.
These SARMs mainly can help you in the treatment of prostate problems. It is also helpful for fat loss, strengthening the body, and lean muscle mass. Its dosage ranges between 25 to 100 mg per day.
This is the strongest of all SARMs. It was manufactured as an effective alternative to anabolic hormones during replacement therapy. It can boost your strength, bone, health, and lean muscle mass. Its dosage ranges between 10-20mg per day.
Benefits associated with Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators.
- They are being developed to make them helpful in treating chronic wasting disorders, associated with cancer and aging.
- According to a study in 2019 meta-analysis, the sexual medicinal review concludes that SARMs have the potential to treat many debilitating diseases.
- They improve cholesterol problems and other health issues.
- SARMs increase the availability of bioavailable testosterone.
- Losing weight without compromising muscle mass.
- Bouncing back from injuries faster.
Side effects of Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators.
- The SARMs, Andarine can lead to vision issues, night-time blindness is a common side effect.
- Suppression of natural hormones can also take place that is harmful to you.
- It can also cause issues such as liver toxicity.
- It also increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
How safe are Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators?
Although SARMs have a lot of benefits such as anabolic, muscle building and is not that harmful, but it is not yet approved by FAD. This is the reason it is sold on the black market as people use it anyway. It is illegal but recommended in various brands of nutritional supplements. In July and October 2017, FAD issued a warning letter to Infantry Labs, LLC, IronMagLabs, Panther Sports Nutrition, Flex Fitness/Big Dan’s Fitness, AndroPharm, and Hardcore Formulation for selling these supplements.
According to a recent study that appeared in the medical journal JAMA, it was said that the compound is available via the internet, and was found that most had other substances with only 52% SARMs. In 2008, SARMs were also banned by WADA and prohibited for athletes. In response to all such announcements, the Council for Responsible Nutrition (the trade organization for the dietary supplement industry) issued an alert that says that SARMs are unapproved drugs and not dietary supplements. You need to consider all these aspects before any SARMs for sale attract you.
AR is a hormone receptor with important effects on tissue development, growth, and maintenance. SARMs and their tissue have the potential to treat many chronic diseases. Based on their chemical structure, it is classified based on an antagonist, agonist, and partial agonist within different tissues. Recent researches have shown mixed but promising results for more powerful and effective use of SARMs in the future. As it is believed that it can treat diseases from Alzheimer’s and osteoporosis to male contraception and BPH.
This continuous development and investigation of SARMs highlight its potential to address and complement the condition with a lack of effective therapies and therapies with unacceptable side effects. To date, SARMs have consistently been well-tolerated, easily consumable via an oral route.