Health

All You Need to Know About Dandruff

Dandruff is one of the most common skin and hair conditions people face globally. So much so that approximately 50% of the general adult population worldwide is affected by it. Despite that, people usually are very casual and negligent towards it. At least until it aggravates. Once that happens, dandruff tends to be very irritating and can also hamper the daily activities of the one affected.

As alarming as it might seem, dandruff can be managed if dealt with at an early stage. Firstly, understanding the types of dandruff is essential. One can then focus on two central questions- how to prevent dandruff and how to reduce dandruff. Let’s look at the different types of dandruff:

1. Types of dandruff

  • Dry skin dandruff

This commonly found dandruff type is a common sight during winters. During winters, the cold weather and the artificial indoor heat can cause your scalp to dry out. A dry scalp can quickly shed skin cells and be highly irritating to manage. This flaky scalp leads to dry skin dandruff that is mostly small and white. Dry skin dandruff can cause mild to moderate itching. In most cases, this type of dandruff can be cured at home with home remedies and lifestyle changes. But in case of severe itching, it’s advisable to consult a medical professional.

  • Oily skin dandruff

The surface below your skin produces sebum, an oily substance that moisturises and protects your skin. Excessive production of sebum can lead to oily hair. The excess oil causes dandruff by clumping together and making your scalp irritable. The dandruff flakes caused by oily skin are usually larger, oilier,  and might look yellow compared to dry skin dandruff. Using shampoos with higher salicylic acid might help manage oily skin dandruff. But one must visit a dermatologist if the condition isn’t manageable.

  • Fungus-related dandruff

Human skin contains a fungus called Malassezia.  Some people can develop conditions like eczema or dandruff as a result of it. Using shampoos with zinc pyrithione can help manage this type of dandruff. Other home remedies can also be used to curb this type of dandruff. But, it’s always advisable to consult an expert before the condition worsens.

2. Disease-related dandruff

Dandruff may be caused by a variety of common skin conditions, including psoriasis, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis. Let’s understand these types of dandruff.

  • Seborrheic dermatitis

People with oily skin are more likely to suffer from seborrheic dermatitis as it is a severe form of oily skin dandruff. Along with dandruff flakes, this scalp condition can cause red scaly patches and itching.

  • Eczema

The symptoms of eczema include flaky, itchy skin and sometimes a red rash. This condition causes larger dandruff flakes along with a red and irritated scalp.

  • Psoriasis

Psoriasis is caused by the faster growth of skin cells leading to thick, scaly patches on the skin. And research shows that almost 50% of people with psoriasis also have scalp psoriasis. Dandruff flakes in scalp psoriasis are fine and powdery, along with a silver sheen.

3. Treatment options

Dandruff prevention and dandruff cure are some of the most widely searched topics on the internet. This goes on to show the gravity of the issue and its spread. But as irritating as the issue may seem, a few minor changes in one’s daily routine can also make a difference.

  • Shampoos and oils

People with minor to moderate cases of dandruff can get rid of it at times by using some specific shampoos or oils. But while using them, one should ensure that their ingredients and usage methods are known. At times, these shampoos or oils can even cause certain side effects. In such cases, one should consult a doctor promptly.

  • Lifestyle changes

Drinking less water, lack of personal hygiene, excessive stress, and unhealthy eating habits can also be causes of dandruff. So, making essential lifestyle changes can also be a first step to managing dandruff effectively. These changes might include drinking adequate water, maintaining good personal hygiene, washing hair regularly, eating healthy food, and managing stress effectively. These can help manage dandruff and prevent other major skin and hair conditions.

  • Regular hair care

Following a regular hair care routine & hair care tips is a must for those prone to dandruff. This might include washing hair regularly, exposing hair to minimum chemicals and heat, ensuring an adequate level of oil in the scalp, and using natural elements containing dandruff-fighting ingredients, among others.

But if nothing works, it’s important to consult a medical professional in time.

4. When to consult a doctor?

One can seek home remedies in mild or medium cases of dandruff. But if dandruff persists, even after repeated effort, it’s essential to consult a doctor. Medical professionals can analyse the type of dandruff and its causes. Depending on that, they can suggest the appropriate treatment and healthcare regime. It’s crucial to consult a doctor if one is suffering from any prior skin condition, as that might also be a cause of dandruff and might need expert help.

Final thoughts

Even though dandruff might appear to be a minor scalp condition, its underlying causes could be different for each individual. Thus, it is essential to address it without delays and seek proper medical treatment without any delays.

Dermatologists may not just help you manage dandruff effectively but also suggest ways in which it can be prevented. However, it’s also important to get the best possible treatment available. If dandruff is one of your major concerns, consulting expert dermatologists at Skin & Hair Academy can be your best option.  Visit their portal to find the best available dermatologists near you or get an online consultation.

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